Synthesis of Hectorite-TiO2 and Kaolinite-TiO2 Nanocomposites with Photocatalytic Activity for the Degradation of Model Air Pollutants

TitleSynthesis of Hectorite-TiO2 and Kaolinite-TiO2 Nanocomposites with Photocatalytic Activity for the Degradation of Model Air Pollutants
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsDaria Kibanova, Martin Trejo, Hugo Destaillats, Javiera Cervini-Silva
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume42
Chapter
Pagination563-568
Abstract

We studied the synthesis and photocatalytic activity of small-sized TiO2 supported on hectorite and kaolinite. Deposition of TiO2 on the clay mineral surface was conducted by using a sol-gel method with titanium isopropoxide as precursor. Anatase TiO2 particles formation was achieved by hydrothermal treatment at 180 °C. Material characterization was conducted using XRD, SEM, XPS, ICP-OES, BET and porosimetry analysis. Efficiency in synthesizing clay-TiO2 composites depended strongly on the clay mineral structure. Incorporation of anatase in hectorite, an expandable clay mineral, was found to be very significant (> 36 wt.% Ti) and to be followed by important structural changes at the clay mineral surface. Instead, no major structural modifications of the clay were observed for kaolinite-TiO2, as compared with the untreated material. Photocatalytic performance of clay-TiO2 composites was evaluated with ATR-FTIR following the oxidation of adsorbed toluene and d-limonene, two model air pollutants. In either case, the photocatalytic removal efficiency of these hydrophobic substrates by the synthesized clay-TiO2 composites was comparable to that observed using pure commercial TiO2