Predicting Regional Lung Deposition of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Particles

TitlePredicting Regional Lung Deposition of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Particles
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsWilliam W Nazaroff, Wen-Yea Hung, Antonius GBM Sasse, Ashok J Gadgil
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume19
Issue3
Pagination243 - 254
Date Published04/1993
ISSN0278-6826
Abstract

Inhalation exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) particles may increase health risks, but only to the extent that the particles deposit in the respiratory tract. We describe a technique to predict regional lung deposition of environmental tobacco smoke particles. Interpretation of particle size distribution measurements after cigarette combustion by a smoking machine in a test room yields an effective emissions profile. An aerosol dynamics model is used to predict indoor particle concentrations resulting from a specified combination of smoking frequency and building factors. By utilizing a lung deposition model, the rate of ETS mass accumulation in human lungs is then determined as a function of particle size and lung airway generation. Considering emissions of sidestream smoke only, residential exposures of nonsmokers to ETS are predicted to cause rates of total respiratory tract particle deposition in the range of 0.4–0.7 μg / day per kg of body weight for light smoking in a well-ventilated residence and 8–13 μg / day per kg for moderately heavy smoking in a poorly ventilated residence. Emissions of sidestream plus mainstream smoke lead to predicted deposition rates about a factor of 4 higher. This technique should be useful for evaluating health risks and control techniques associated with exposure to ETS particles.

DOI10.1080/02786829308959633
Short TitleAerosol Science and Technology
Refereed DesignationRefereed