Modeling Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds from New Carpets

TitleModeling Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds from New Carpets
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsJohn C Little, Alfred T Hodgson, Ashok J Gadgil
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume28
Issue2
Pagination227 - 234
Date Published01/1994
ISSN13522310
Keywordsdiffusion coefficient, Diffusion model, environment chamber, polymer backing, styrene-butadiene rubber
Abstract

A simple model is proposed to account for observed emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from new carpets. The model assumes that the VOCs originate predominantly in a uniform slab of polymer backing material. Parameters for the model (the initial concentration of a VOC in the polymer, a diffusion coefficient and an equilibrium polymer/air partition coefficient) are obtained from experimental data produced by a previous chamber study. The diffusion coefficients generally decrease as the molecular weight of the VOCs increase, while the partition coefficients generally increase as the vapor pressure of the compounds decreases. In addition, for two of the study carpets that have a styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) backing, the diffusion and partition coefficients are similar to independently reported values for SBR. The results suggest that prediction of VOC emissions from new carpets may be possible based solely on a knowledge of the physical properties of the relevant compounds and the carpet backing material. However, a more rigorous validation of the model is desirable.

DOI10.1016/1352-2310(94)90097-3
Short TitleAtmospheric Environment
Refereed DesignationRefereed