|Title||ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh—Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Susan E Addy, Ashok J Gadgil, Kristin Kowolik, Robert Kostecki|
|Tertiary Authors||Susan Amrose|
|Institution||Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory|
Today, 35-77 million Bangladeshis drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater from shallow tube wells. Arsenic remediation efforts have focused on the development and dissemination of household filters that frequently fall into disuse due to the amount of attention and maintenance that they require. A community scale clean water center has many advantages over household filters and allows for both chemical and electricity-based technologies to be beneficial to rural areas. Full cost recovery would enable the treatment center to be sustainable over time. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) is compatible with community scale water treatment for rural Bangladesh. We demonstrate the ability of ECAR to reduce arsenic levels > 500 ppb to less than 10 ppb in synthetic and real Bangladesh groundwater samples and examine the influence of several operating parameters on arsenic removal effectiveness. Operating cost and waste estimates are provided. Policy implication recommendations that encourage sustainable community treatment centers are discussed.