Drinking Water in Developing Countries

TitleDrinking Water in Developing Countries
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsAshok J Gadgil
JournalAnnual Review of Energy and the Environment
Volume23
Issue1
Pagination253 - 286
Date Published11/1998
ISSN1056-3466
Keywordsdrinking water disinfection, drinking water policy, water quality
Abstract

Safe drinking water remains inaccessible for about 1.1 billion people in the world, and the hourly toll from biological contamination of drinking water is 400 deaths of children (below age 5). This paper reviews the general guidelines for drinking water quality and the scale of the global problem. It reviews the various water disinfection technologies that may be applicable to achieve the desired quality of drinking water in developing countries. It then summarizes financing problems that deter extending access to safe drinking water to the unserved population and identifies feasible policy positions for enhancing availability of drinking water in these countries.

DOI10.1146/annurev.energy.23.1.253
Short TitleAnnu. Rev. Energy. Environ.
Refereed DesignationRefereed