The benefit of kitchen exhaust fan use after cooking - An experimental assessment

TitleThe benefit of kitchen exhaust fan use after cooking - An experimental assessment
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsNina A Dobbin, Liu Sun, Lance A Wallace, Ryan Kulka, Hongyu You, Tim Shin, Daniel Aubin, Melissa St-Jean, Brett C Singer
JournalBuilding and Environment
Date Published03/2018
KeywordsCooking, Fine particulate matter, Gas stove, indoor air quality, Nitric oxide, PM2.5. Ultrafine particles, UFP

Cooking is one of the main sources of indoor air pollutants, and may even exceed the contribution from outdoor
sources. This pilot study examines the use of different flow-rate fans during cooking and tests whether continuing
to run the fan after cooking significantly improves pollutant removal rates and integrated exposures.
Tests were carried out in the Canadian Centre for Housing Technology's twin research houses, in Ottawa,
Ontario. We completed the same cooking protocol 60 times on a gas stove, testing 6 different flow rates on three
different over-the-range exhaust fans, while continuously measuring UFP, PM2.5, NO2, and NO. The fan was
operated during cooking for all tests and then either turned off or left on after cooking for the duration of the
three hour test. We estimated decay rates, source emission rates, and integrated exposures to measured pollutants
following the cooking test. The results showed that while leaving the fan on after cooking generally increased
decay rates, it had a relatively small effect on integrated exposures compared to the effects of fan flow
rate and the specific fan used during cooking. For PM2.5, the effect of running an exhaust fan for 15 min after
cooking was similar in magnitude to the impact of a 100 cfm increase in the flow rate used while cooking: both
were associated with a decrease in 15-min integrated exposure of roughly 3 μgm−3. This suggests that one can
partially compensate for a low flow rate exhaust fan by continuing to run the fan after cooking.

Refereed DesignationDoes Not Apply